Learning how to read a water meter. Checking for leaks using water meters.
meters are important to determine who should pay
for the water. Most water bills are divided into
two parts: per month and per usage. There is a
fixed cost to providing the water in the first
place, and this cost is divided equally among
all the system's users. There is also a cost per
unit of water provided. A typical U.S. family
of 4 in a suburban city will pay between $15 and
$50 per month for water and sewer services
Water meters are read by one of several methods-
The water client writes down the water meter
reading and mails in a postcard with this info
to the water department A water meter reader
comes to the premises and enters the water meter
reading into a handheld computer .
reading is echoed on a display unit mounted
to the outside of the premise, where a water
meter reader records them; A small radio is
hooked up to the water meter to automatically
transmit readings to corresponding receivers
in handheld computers,
utility vehicles or distributed
collectors a small computer is hooked up to
the water meter that can either dial out or
receive automated phone calls that give the
reading to a central computer system.
Most American cities are increasingly installing
automated reading systems to prevent fraud,
to lower ever-increasing labor and liability
costs and to improve customer service and satisfaction.
Arad specializes in the design, development and manufacture of top quality precision water meters for applications such as domestic, waterworks, irrigation and water management throughout the world
Founded in 1941, Arad has built up a worldwide reputation for quality and precision in measuring, reading, collecting and managing data from water metering to billing systems.
The Arad Group of affiliated companies and independent distributors around the world offers its customers not only water meters but also a fully integrated source for a complete water management system.
Quick introduction to water meters
Knowing how to read your water meter will allow
you to monitor your own water consumption and
at the same time detect any leaks in your household
plumbing. Your water bill is based on your water
consumption, so the repair of small leaks in
your plumbing system now, will save you money.
Knowing more about water meters will help you
Understand how you are being billed.
What follows is some useful information on how
to use your water meter to your advantage. We
assume you have a newer (metric) water meter. If you have an older meter which measures in
gallons, the same facts apply, but the measurements
will be in gallons instead of cubic meters.
Not all water meters are the same but this is
Reading Your Water Meter
Your household water meter reads in cubic meters,
and displays your total consumption to the nearest
tenth of a cubic meter, much like the odometer
in your car measures total distance traveled.
Every 0.1 cubic meters (100 liters) of water
consumed causes the sweep hand (see picture)
to make one complete revolution and the measured
total to increase by 0.1 cubic meters. (Black
wheel on odometer.)
Monitoring Water Use on your water
You can calculate your water consumption over
a period of time by taking the meter reading
at the beginning and end of the period. The
difference in the readings is your consumption
for that period.
Calculating Water Use on your water
You can calculate how much water various activities
and appliances use in the same way. Record the
water meter reading before and after the activity,
and take the difference. Make sure that all
other water use in your home stops while you're
doing the activity, or the volume that you calculate
will be incorrect for the activity that you
Discovering Water Leaks with your water meter
To find out if you have water leaks, try the following experiment the next time you leave your home for several hours or more. Prior to leaving, turn off all of your water fixtures, including humidifiers, air conditioners and ice makers. Then record the meter reading. If the reading has not changed when you return, your household plumbing is watertight. If your meter reading does change, you most likely have a leak.
With the advent of Meter Network Technology and the future success of Meter Data Management , it will probably not be necessary for someone to query why he is getting an excessive water meter bill. Home owners who have had Advanced Smart Meters installed as part of a HAN (Home Area Network) will know that problems associated with meter data and Meter billing are going to be part of the meter diagnostic capabilities Of the Smart Meters that are rapidly entering the market.